About studying the feasibility and impact of Basic Income (citizens wage) in Estonia | 25.11.2016 - 31.01.2019, an initiative collecting support signatures in citizens initative portal rahvaalgatus.ee . It suggests a national study about whather the Basic Income is possible at all in Estonia. The study would contain also some tests. The initiative shoulc collect at least 1000 signatures It collected 1014 digital signatures + dozens on paper form.
Citizens Base | fr: Socle Citoyen, one of the basic income mechanisms proposed in France, in which the UBI (or its amount) is a so-called tax credit and the current graduated income tax is replaced by the nuclear one, and the RSA (Revenu de Solidaité Active) social aid scheme is abolished. If the base amount is equal to RSA (564 euros per month in 2021), the current estimates require a nuclear tax rate of 32%. The idea is that this mechanism will use the national tax withholding system on (...)
citizens wage | a popular term meaning unconditional basic income. In Estonia, it is the first and most popular term when speaking about UBI. The critics suggest that "kodanikupalk" as term is confusing as palk (wage) means money for job and "kodaniku-" (citizen) would mean the UBI is targeted only for citizens (not for all legal inhabitants). As an alternative, "popular stipendium" is proposed.
European Citizens Initiative for an Unconditional Basic Income | 2013 - 2014 A campaign aimed to deliver the question about UBI on the EC desk
Experimenting with Basic Income: Finland and Netherlands | 08.11.2016, The workshop “Experimenting with Basic Income: Finland and the Netherlands” brought Dutch researchers from Utrecht, Wageningen and Tilburg to Helsinki to explore both similarities and differences between the proposed schemes, to examine the role of basic income experiments in each country, and to analyse the political and policy processes associated with piloting basic income in advanced welfare states.
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fear of poverty | the problem which comes out of the possibility of poverty, which hinders a personʼs freedom of choice, but also, for example, freedom of expression. In the fear of resentment and possible dismissal from the employerʼs management, a person does not dare to express his or her thoughts or political preferences, to show social activity on one or another topic. Feeling fear of failure, he does not dare to put himself to the test in business. The fear of losing the material s (...)
forced choices | a phenomenon associated with poverty or the possibility of falling into it. One of the most typical is a situation where a person is forced to "grab a straw" and accept a job that is either unpleasant or degrading, does not correspond to the personʼs abilities or its legitimacy is in doubt.
Friedman, Milton | 31.07.1912 - 16.11.2006, American economist, statistician, and writer who taught at the University of Chicago for more than three decades. He was a recipient of the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, and is known for his research on consumption analysis, monetary history and theory, and the complexity of stabilization policy. Friedman proposed the replacement of the existing U.S. welfare system with a negative income tax, a progressive tax system in which the (...)
Jourdan, Stanislas | journalist, UBI activist from France
Jürgenson, Tiia-Liis | 06.03.1963, lawyer, municipal official. In 2017, she proposed the idea of a parental stipend. At that time, she was the elder of Nõmme district (Tallinn), as of the beginning of 2022, Kuusalu rural municipality secretary. She has held various positions in the municipalities of Tallinn and Viimsi, as well as in AS Tallinna Turud, the ARK and the Ministry of Justice.